Indice del fascicolo 37: 25 febbraio 2021

Editoriale

Il prezzo da pagare per l’open access, di Maria Panetta

Filologia

Il contratto matrimoniale tra Pasquale Croce e Luisa Sipari (1861), di Lorenzo Arnone Sipari

Abstract: This essay analyzes for the first time the Benedetto Croce parents’ marriage contract (1861). The respective families, Croce and Sipari, one loyal to the Two Sicilies Bourbon, the other of liberal ideas, shared the same “bourgeois” identity and many properties in Southern Italy, and especially in Puglia. The analysis of this marriage contract gives a new interpretation of Benedetto Croce’s background. Which the same philosopher tried to reconstruct from the second decade of the 20th Century.

Letture critiche

Il Kant di Croce, di Giuseppe Cacciatore

Abstract: Can we speak of Kant as an author of Croce, like Vico, Labriola, Hegel and De Sanctis? The author of the essay follows a trail that is announced in the first philosophical writings and which will remain, more or less evident, until the end: this presupposes that greater philosophical and conceptual importance should be given to the phase of the “first essays” open, as is known, from the famous Memoir of 1893 which, while never mentioning Kant, elaborates a conception of the relationship between universal and particular that is closer to the open Kantian dualistic dialectic than to the Hegelian reduction of differences to the uniqueness of the absolute.

La libertà dello Spirito. Per una critica filosofico-politica al liberalismo di Benedetto Croce, di Antonio Caiazzo

Abstract: The paper shows the centrality of the problem of Liberty, and its proceeding with and through the world, in the thought of Benedetto Croce. The crocean theory of liberty testifies, infact, a badly hidden friction between a idealism and historicism, moralism and political realism that goes across the whole Philosophy of Spirit. About that there will be a focus on the crocean theory of liberty, in his various consequences.   In the first section it will be shown the idealistic theory of liberty in relation to the problem of the event. In the second section it will be examined the political theory of liberty and his bond with the problems of the ‘autonomy of the Politics’ and of the theory of the State. Finally, it will be discussed the relationship of liberalism and history, in its reference with the conception of religion of liberty.

Borgese, Croce e Vico, di Paolo D’Angelo

Abstract: Giambattista Vico has been the philosopher with whom Benedetto Croce felt closest to. When La filosofia di Giambattista Vico (The Philosophy of Giambattista Vico) was published in 1911, Croce was then led to see in some negative reviews of his book an attack on his own philosophy. After briefly referring to Giovanni Papini’s review, this paper deals more extensively with the one written by Giuseppe Antonio Borgese. In both cases the publication of the review ended the relationships between Croce and his critics, although the friendship with Borgese had been quite intense. Croce’s reply and Borgese second answer are examined, too. Both writings are important documents of the contrast that opposed Croce to the younger intellectual generations, at the end of the first decade of twentieth century, a contrast that turned in open opposition when the first world war broke out. On that occasion, Croce was on the side of neutralism, while all the young intellectuals were in favour of the intervention in the war.

Croce, le scienze, la complessità, di Giuseppe Giordano

Abstract: Benedetto Croce has too many times been labeled one of the worst enemies of science. The essay presented here aims to highlight how, instead, Crocian philosophy was not only in consonance with scientists such as Ernst Mach and Jules Henri Poincaré in its time, but today it has full confirmation in the philosophical visions that emerge from science and from the philosophy of complexity, in thinkers (scientists and philosophers) such as Ilya Prigogine, Humberto Maturana, Fritjof Capra, Edgar Morin.

Due “letterati editori” nel primo quindicennio del Novecento: Croce e Papini fra polemiche, riviste e collaborazioni editoriali, di Maria Panetta

Abstract: This long essay comes out nine years after the publication of the critical edition of the Carteggio 1902-1914 between Benedetto Croce and Giovanni Papini edited by Maria Panetta (Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura 2012). It is the preface written at the time for the volume, not published to dutifully leave room for the precious introduction by Professor Gennaro Sasso and updated for publication in this magazine. It traces the history of the relations between Benedetto Croce and the younger Giovanni Papini, revealing the background of some disagreements and apparent misunderstandings in the history of their friendship and entering into the merits of the philosophical, editorial and cultural issues that were at the origin of the break between the two intellectuals, just before the outbreak of the First World War. It deals with magazines such as «La Critica», «Leonardo», «La Voce», «Il Regno», «Lacerba» etc., editorial collections such as «Classici della filosofia moderna» and «Gli Scrittori d’Italia» Laterza or  «Cultura dell’anima» and «Scrittori nostri» Carabba. It focuses also on the affirmation in Italy of philosophical movements such as the Pragmatism, on the controversys between Croce and the young Papini or Prezzolini or Borgese on Croce’s Aesthetics and Logic, on Hegel, Vico, religion etc. The essay also touchs upon the relationship between the two “literate editors” following Papini’s Discorsaccio of 1913, reaching up to the 1940s.

Benedetto Croce e Salvatore Di Giacomo, di Ernesto Paolozzi

Abstract: In this essay the author focuses in particular on the relationship between the philosopher Benedetto Croce and the poet Salvatore Di Giacomo, included by the critic among the greatest Italian and European poets. In various critical interventions Croce retraced Di Giacomo’s work by quoting various verses, summarizing the plots of theatrical works and always highlighting the expressive power and authenticity of Di Giacomo’s inspiration.

Interno Croce. Sulle Conversazioni di Giovanni Castellano, di Rosalia Peluso

Abstract: The article reconstructs the main lines of the emotional and intellectual relationship between Benedetto Croce and who has been variously defined as his secretary or archivist, Giovanni Castellano. A  divulger, apologist and anthologist of Croce, Castellano remained at the philosopher’s side between 1908 and 1928. He left because of his disagreement with the philosopher’s antifascist choice and took refuge in Switzerland, where he continued the arrangement of an unusual document that he called Conversazioni col Croce e con me stesso, which are notes for a history of culture and customs at the beginning of the twentieth century. This diary is composed of excerpts of letters, notes and transcriptions of conversations between Croce and the many people who frequented his house. Here we try to take stock of the critical uses that have been made so far of the Conservazioni, still unpublished and kept in the Kantonsbibliotek Vadiana in St. Gallen. We also try to clarify the real historical and cultural nature of this document born from the pen of someone who, by his detractors, has been called the “Eckermann of Croce” and who more likely was to Croce as Wagner to Faust or as a reversed Melvillian Bartleby.

Il ministro frugale e il «culto interno di Dante». Croce e il sesto centenario dantesco, di Rosalia Peluso

Abstract: The article recovers from the Pagine sparse some evidence relating to the role played by Croce, as Minister of Education, at the celebrations of the seicentenary of Dante’s death. Alongside interviews and articles published in Italian and foreign newspapers, in which we learn that he refused to allocate a large sum of money to the celebrations for reasons of economic frugality required by the post-war period, while he tried to clarify to the American public the non-utilitarian and non-instrumental value of Poetry, Croce gave the inaugural speech of the celebrations in Ravenna: here he provided some conceptual anticipations of the monograph La poesia di Dante (1921) and dispensed advice for better celebrating the Poet, inviting people to practice the “internal cult of Dante” at all times.

Recensioni

Storie e leggende napoletane di Benedetto Croce, Edizione Nazionale a cura di Andrea Manganaro (2019), di Maria Panetta

Wann-Chlore. Jane la pallida di Honoré de Balzac (2020), di Massimo Scotti

Resto qui di Marzo Balzano (2020), di Ginevra Alibrio

La donna degli alberi di Lorenzo Marone (2020), di Eleonora Carchia

Steve Jobs non abita più qui di Michele Masneri (2020), di Alessandra Valletti

I prati dopo di noi di Matteo Righetto (2020), di Mattia Viglione