Indice del fascicolo n. 43: 25 febbraio 2022

Editoriale

L’attualità di un gigante del Novecento: omaggio a Benedetto Croce a settant’anni dalla scomparsa, di Maria Panetta

Filologia

La monografia di Pescasseroli come storia etico-politica, di Lorenzo Arnone Sipari

Abstract: The essay analyzes for the first time the genesis and the textual and paratextual characteristics of the monograph of Pescasseroli, which Benedetto Croce wrote in 1922. The sources and the editing of this historical work show the intimate persistence of the pain in the author for the loss of parents in the earthquake of the island of Ischia (1883). At the same time Pescasseroli marks the “overcoming” of the tragedy of 1883, and opens a new path, in Croce’s methodology, for the most important historical works (historical tetralogy).

Letture critiche

Einstein e Croce: la libertà, la guerra, l’olocausto nucleare, di Nunzio Allocca

Abstract: By June 1944 Rome had fallen to the Allies. On June 7, 1994, Albert Einstein, both one of the greatest physicists of all time and a lifelong pacifist, addressed a letter to the Italian philosopher and stateman, Benedetto Croce, who at that time had emerged into political prominence. Croce replied on July 28, 1944, from Sorrento. According to Einstein and Croce, the development of science and of the creative activities of the spirit in general requires two kinds of freedom, outward liberty and inward freedom. Only if outward and inner freedom are constantly pursued is there a possibility of spiritual development.

Umberto Morra e Benedetto Croce, di Salvatore Cingari

Abstract: This paper deals whith the relationship between Umberto Morra and Benedetto Croce and discuss some Morra’s articles and unpublished letters from the former to the latter. Croce was a master for Morra but in Storia d’Italia he formulated a negative judgment on Umberto’s father, an army general, regarding “fasci siciliani”, casting a shadow on their dialogue. Neverthless Croce was a point of reference for Morra against fascism, while he was also, for the cortonese scholar, too idealistic and, after second world war, too moderately politically.

In che senso Benedetto Croce filosofo delle scienze, di Giuseppe Gembillo

Abstract: Benedetto Croce was considered by the majority of his critics as the philosopher who intended “to devalue science”. In this essay the author shows that, on the contrary, his reflections are in perfect harmony both with scientists such as Ernst Mach and Henri Poincaré, but also with the scientist-philosophers who in 1900 founded quantum mechanics, the new Thermodynamics and the theory information; and, again, with those who have revolutionized the conception of mathematics.

Un paese alla settimana: Pollone (1968), di Enza Mellano

Abstract: We thank Dr. Maria Ametis, Vice-President of the “Benedetto Croce” Municipal Library of Pollone (BI), for allowing us to reproduce these pages extracted from the volume Gustavo Colonnetti… per chi lo conobbe, edited by the “Alberto Colonnetti” Foundation in 1973.

La comparatistica di Croce e la Spagna, di Davide Mombelli

Abstract: This article presents Croce’s comparative work in its specifically Hispanic aspect, which turns out to be the most relevant. The exposition of comparativism proposed here takes into account, first of all, the conceptualisation of its main categories (comparative literature, universal-individual dialectics, universal history…), to illustrate Croce’s most important work in this sense: La Spagna nella vita italiana durante la Rinascenza, a collection of Hispanic essays and studies written in the pre-philosophical period of the evolution of the intellectual life of the great Italian intellectual. In the presentation of the work, we will focus mainly on two key concepts: “decadence” and “life”.

Croce e la Francia, di Rosalia Peluso

Abstract: The article deals with the relationship between Croce and French culture. It discusses the thesis on the main modern philosophical line, the Cartesian one, in comparison with the Vichian one; the historiographic judgments on the French Revolution and on the following revolutions in nineteenth-century France; the positions taken by Croce towards the Enlightenment and some philosophers such as Rousseau and Bergson, politicians such as Sorel and writers such as Corneille, Flaubert, Baudelaire. The interpretation sustained here is that Croce’s confrontation with French culture, although not comparable to that with German culture, is dense with implications that are reflected in the overall identity of Croce’s philosophy.

L’Estetica e la nuova poesia. Prospezioni su Pianissimo di Camillo Sbarbaro, di Ugo Perolino

Abstract: Through several editions of Benedetto Croce’s Estetica, this article examines some passages of his work especially in the bond between “intuition” and “impressions” (or “perceptions”). In addition, the article takes into account some contents in Camillo Sbarbaro’s poetry as in Pianissimo (1914), wherein Sbarbaro reconsiders lyrical insights in the way of a dualistic ontology.

Noterella su Croce e la prosa lirica di Guy de Maupassant, di Renata Viti Cavaliere

Abstract: In an essay, dedicated to him in the 1920s, Croce defined Guy de Maupassant as a poet in all respects in the prose narrative rather than in the verse. He gave the French writer a very favorable opinion precisely by virtue of the creative spontaneity and lyricism expressed by the author of numerous Contes and famous novels. This is the starting point for a further reflection on the meaning of “poetry” in relation to “non-poetry” and to literature, the latter for Croce a work of practical intellect, the founder of civilization

Inediti e traduzione

Casamicciola, di Paolo D’Angelo

Abstract: This paper is the first chapter of an overall biography of Benedetto Croce that will be published by Il Mulino. The biography starts from the tragedy of Casamicciola’s earthquake, which caused the death of both Croce’s parents and of his sister Maria. In many ways, this mournful event marks a turning point not only, as it is obvious, in Croce’s family life, but also in his intellectual destiny. The young Croce, still a minor, during the next two years will stay in Rome at the house of Silvio Spaventa, his father’s cousin and appointed legal guardian, where he will receive cultural stimuli different and richer than those he had in the family environment. It does not seem excessive to consider the Casamicciola tragedy as Croce’s second birth, and a decisive event in his path as a philosopher. The paper describes the evening of the earthquake (July, 28, 1883), the arrival of aid and the testimonies of the press, giving lot of space to the memories of Croce himself in his autobiographical writings and in his private letters.

Critica della critica degli scartafacci, di Giancristiano Desiderio

Abstract: The text is an anticipation of the third volume of the intellectual biography of Benedetto Croce written by Giancristiano Desiderio, which will be published next spring: Vita intellettuale e affettiva di Benedetto Croce III. Sull’Estetica e la critica letteraria (Aras edizioni). It is one of the main chapters and concerns Croce’s foresighted criticism towards philological radicalism and his textual criticism of structuralism, which has gone out of fashion just as every mode. To confirm – if needed, and maybe it is – that each good literary criticism needs good referential aesthetics.

Recensioni

Poesie scritte per gioco di Caterina Adriana Cordiano (2022), di Carmine Chiodo

Un eccezionale baedeker. La rappresentazione degli spazi nell’opera di Vincenzo Consolo di Ada Bellanova (2021), di Daniel Raffini

Non chiedermi il perché di Emiliano Peguiron (2021), di Marco Sbardella

Pensa il risveglio di Alessandro Cinquegrani (2021), di Emanuele Zoppellari Perale