Indice del fascicolo n. 45, 25 agosto 2022, Volume I

Editoriale

Tra narrazione e saggio, autobiografia e menzogna: cento anni dalla nascita di Luciano Bianciardi, di Sandro De Nobile e Maria Panetta

Letture critiche

Italianità di un anarchico. Il Risorgimento nella narrativa storica di Luciano Bianciardi, di Sandro de Nobile

Abstract: Since the end of the 1950s, but with greater care in the years preceding his death, Luciano Bianciardi, the anarchist Bianciardi who had desecrated the Italy of the economic boom with his irony, surprisingly dedicated himself to the narrative of the Risorgimento theme, publishing the novels Da Quarto a Torino (1960), La battaglia soda (1964), Daghela avanti un passo (1969) and Garibaldi (1972). In these novels the writer expresses all his passion for the ideals of the Risorgimento, ideals that he deeply feels but which he sees betrayed by history, even in a comparison with the current affairs of Christian Democratic Italy of the 60s which is always covertly present in the texts. Bianciardi’s Risorgimento, therefore, beyond the informative, didactic and educational purposes of the texts, reveals a heritage of ideals unmatched compared to the meanness of the present, and of the present life of a writer who feels the full weight of defeat. The essay therefore tries to trace, through the four texts, a profile of Italy as an ideal and betrayed homeland, set against the actual reality of a country in which the author finds difficult to recognize himself.

«Mi son fatto uom di penna»: funzione ideologica e ibridismo formale nella Battaglia soda di Bianciardi, di Cinzia Gallo

Abstract: La battaglia soda, in addition to representing a central moment in Bianciardi’s reflection on the Risorgimento and its repercussions in the contemporary world, presents many interesting point of analysis. On the structural level, meanwhile, the characters of various literary genres seem to merge in it, from fiction to non-fiction and historical fiction, from memorials to autobiography, even odeporica. The same hybridism is found on a linguistic level while the frequent appeals to the reader are explained in the light of the principles of the aesthetics of reception.

La provincia di Luciano Bianciardi, di Federico Masci e Riccardo Innocenti

Abstract: This article points out key moments in Bianciardi’s work which turn out to be really useful to look into the portrait he conveys of his small-town life from the 50s to the early 60s. Starting from his early sketches published in various magazines and then moving to the first two novels, Il lavoro culturale (1957) and L’integrazione (1960), we will show that his caricature sketches are the outcome of a critical analysis of the characters’ material conditions.

Luciano Bianciardi, tra “engagement” e “boom economico”, di Giuseppe Muraca

Abstract: After twenty years of oblivion, over the last thirty years Luciano Bianciardi has been rediscovered, thanks to a conference organised in Grosseto in 1991 and to the book by Pino Corrias, Vita agra di un anarchico, published two years later. Now he enjoys a certain luck of the public and critics, so much so that he is considered one of the most representative and unclassifiable authors of the second half of the twentieth century. This paper focuses on the analysis of one of his most important and loved books: Il lavoro culturale, in which the author from Grosseto narrates the commitment and the disenchantment of the so-called “misspent generation”, from the end of Fascism to the economic boom. The paper aims to demostrate that in the post-war period the provincial environment was a reservoir of cultural initiatives and that many intellectuals, partly influenced by the Gramsci’s thought, committed their energy to the civil progress of our country.

Tra Socrate e Garibaldi. Appunti sugli arrabbiati Bianciardi e Pasolini, di Sergio Oriente

Abstract: In the year of the centenary of Luciano Bianciardi and Pier Paolo Pasolini, this paper proposes some notes on convergences between the two writers, focusing particularly on the reception of Pasolini in Bianciardi. The two writers posthumously deserved the designation of prophets, in life the mark of the angry, heretics and dissidents. By setting the discourse on the theme of "anger against the bourgeoisie", an inclination that Pasolini and Bianciardi tend to transform into a real stigma, the paper analyzes relations with the PCI and the Marxist tradition in Italy, the relationship with student protest movements and American political and literary paradigms, the identification of anachronistic models of protest compared to those current in the 1960s. More space was given to “minor” and lesser-known texts: letters, newspaper articles and interviews.

Alla ricerca del genere letterario: poetica della mediazione e «narrativa integrale» nella trilogia di Luciano Bianciardi, di Daniel Raffini

Abstract: The paper offers an interpretation of the literary poetics that emerges from Luciano Bianciardi’s trilogy, consisting of the novels Il lavoro culturale, L’integrazione and La vita agra. Starting from the mixture of writing of truth and writing of fiction, examples of the contamination of the literary genre in Bianciardi’s novels are given. The non-fictional digressions are interpreted through the point of view of engagement, as a response to the needs of the age and compromise with the reality. In his novels, Bianciardi provides a vision of a country split in two parts. The author plays the role of difficult mediator on both a social and aesthetic-literary level of opposing forces, represented in many cases by secondary characters in the novels, who are used in a dialogic and metaliterary function. The need for mediation is fulfilled in the idea of the integral novel, a narration in which author and reader are directly involved and which at the same time succeeds through the literary devices of compression and idealisation in conveying within a recursive and fragmented narrative the complexity of the era from a historical and cultural point of view.

Luciano Bianciardi alla radio: Come una grande famiglia (1966) con Enrico Vaime, di Nicola Turi

Abstract: A work little known to its readers, the radio play he writes jointly with Enrico Vaime – Come una grande famiglia, 1966 – represents for Luciano Bianciardi an original creative excursion and the consolidation of a creative partnership experienced on the occasion of a television broadcast about Enzo Jannacci, the entertainer of the milanese nights. And precisely to tell Milan, as in Vita agra, Bianciardi returns in his radio novel (ennobled by the participation of Tino Scotti and Franca Valeri), focusing even more exclusively on the world of cultural work: Gianrico Francalancia, who arrived in the Lombard capital to become journalist, soon has to deal with the haughtiness and the manipulative language of his employers, and only a private circumstance can turn the situation around in his favor.

Recensioni

Primo contatto a cura di Franco Forte (2022), di Luciano Parisi 

 

Volume II