Un cosmopolita del Sud: l’antifascismo di Nicola Chiaromonte, di Maria Panetta
Chiaromonte, di scorcio, di Raffaele Manica
Abstract: Raffaele Manica designed and edited the «Meridiano» Lo spettatore critico. Politica, filosofia, letteratura, published in 2021, which collects the entire corpus of Nicola Chiaromonte’s works (essays, diaries and notebooks, in addition to the only two books published during his lifetime, La situazione drammatica (1960) and Credere e non credere (1971). In this dense essay, Manica proposes an all-round portrait of the Italian anti-fascist, reconstructing his biographical events and, in particular, the years of exile; recounting his intellectual parable; mentioning his correspondence with Ignazio Silone, Hannah Arendt and Albert Camus; illustrating his political ideas and his conception of freedom.
Abstract: The author of this essay underlines the importance of the «Meridiano» edited by Raffaele Manica, released in the midst of a crisis of Western democracy that began in the 1970s: it denounces the danger of the idea now widespread that every desire, every individual drive can legitimately transformed into an individual right without the need for a foundation. Nicola Chiaromonte’s texts are crossed by a long reflection on fundamental words of the history of these last centuries: liberalism, communism, socialism, democracy. This essay also recalls the relationship between Chiaromonte and the Giustizia e Libertà group: for a while the cosmopolitan intellectual recognized himself in their anti-fascism and in their project to build a new organizational reality and a new basis of thought.
La “via stretta alla politica” di Nicola Chiaromonte, di Cesare Panizza
Abstract: The author of the essay recalls how during the years of Fascism being anti-fascist involved a painful break with the surrounding world and the renunciation of one’s own expectations and those of one’s relatives; and an assumption of responsibility for one’s own actions, dictated only by the moral conscience and no longer by the laws in force. It is what Vittorio Foa has defined as a “narrow road to politics”, which concerned an entire generation of very young intellectuals in the 1920s. Chiaromonte was a secluded, but not cold, “critical spectator”, always ready to denounce any attempt to trample on the principle of the autonomy of individual conscience. His attitude, defined as “impolitic” by some, aimed, on the contrary, at reaffirming how intellectual clarity was a duty for the man of culture, and how his autonomy was its indispensable prerequisite: in reality, this was necessary to return morality and utopian aspirations to politics.
Abstract: The article focuses on Nicola Chiaromonte’s notebooks, written between 1955 and 1971 and published in 1995. The work was edited by Miriam Chiaromonte, Paolo Milano and Gustaw Herling under the title Che cosa rimane. Taccuini 1955-1971. In these private notes Chiaromonte analyzes with elegance and originality the relationship between individual consciousness and history.
Hannah Arendt e il “concetto d’amore”: una lettura politica di Agostino, di Stefania Mazzone
Abstract: Hannah Arendt’s reading of Augustine that the author proposes here represents a bridge between late ancient, Neoplatonic philosophy and the Pauline-style Christian world. The theme of ambiguity, contradiction, shadow is represented by the question of the love of God, of ourselves, but, above all, of the other, in a dimension of estrangement from the material world. The focus of this discussion and of Arendt’s own analysis around the problem of the theme of love in Augustine is articulated around the contradictory and inhomogeneous attempt of Christianity to reconcile the bond with God and attachment to the world at the same time. A deeply philosophical theme that brings Arendt’s method back to its formative origins with respect to the approach to the Greek and Latin classics and related literature.
Abstract: Ivy Compton-Burnett describes life in dysfunctional families in her novels, as has done contemporary writer Anne Fine in more recent years. Both authors adopt an analytical method endowed with acute and merciless psychological penetration, from an objective and nonconformist point of view which in Ivy Compton-Burnett is surprisingly topical.
Gualberto Alvino, Rethorica Novissima (2021), di Maria Panetta